Бюджетная статистика: реляционные базы
федеральная
региональная
Законы о федеральном бюджете
2005 г. 2004 г.
2003 г. 2002 г.
2000 г. 2001 г.
1998 г. 1999 г.
1996 г. 1997 г.
1994 г. 1995 г.
Нормативные акты
1. Бюджетный Кодекс РФ
2. Бюджетная классификация РФ
3. Налоговый Кодекс РФ (часть I)
4. Налоговый Кодекс РФ (часть II)

 
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Бюджетная система Российской Федерации

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Military expenditure by region and country, in local currency, 1988-2000

Figures are in local currency, current prices

Военные расходы в национальной валюте, 1988-2000 гг. (в национальной валюте, текущих ценах)

Country

Currency

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

Africa

                         

North Africa

                       

Algeria

m. dinars

6084

6500

8100

10439

23000

29810

46800

58847

79519

101126

112248

121600

141600

Libya

m. dinars

582

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

Morocco

m. dirhams

7530

11264

8816

10002

10488

11071

13557

13245

12602

. .

. .

. .

. .

Tunisia

m. dinars

199,8

222,2

217,7

240,8

256,2

277,2

300,5

324,3

386,9

396,1

416,6

423,5

441,5

Sub-Saharan

                       

Angola (4)

th./m. kwanzas

0,044

0,058

0,052

0,102

0,438

0,0035

0,13

2,469

163

391

288

3670

. .

Benin

m. francs

11000

9100

8935

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

Botswana

m. pulas

171,425

207,1275

290,7

348,2525

375,5025

449,895

457,555

459,8375

467,25

585,975

808,15

854,725

915,975

Burkina Faso

m. francs

17033

21315

22997

19608

18824

17139

16800

18400

19000

22500

23300

25700

. .

Burundi

m. francs

4809,3

6014

6782,1

7760

8121

8805

10589

10517

15408

21100

23300

27400

. .

Cameroon

m. francs

45979

46852,5

49165

50271

48649,5

47621

52476,5

56691

59819

69288

80968,5

89094,5

87597,5

Cape Verde

m. escudos

366

. .

. .

. .

. .

220

281

477

352

382

443

508

. .

Central African Rep.

m. francs

. .

. .

. .

6093

6137

5421

5935

6496

6239

. .

. .

. .

. .

Chad

m. francs

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

11085

12333

10000

12681

9700

9500

. .

. .

Congo

m. francs

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

Congo, Dem. Rep. (5)

new zaïres

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

Côte d’Ivoire

m. francs

38155

41368

39199

40671

41503

42088

46677

. .

52516

54588

. .

. .

. .

Djibouti

m. francs

4701

4705

4709

4809

5089

4702

4648

4481

3712

4019

4013

. .

. .

Equatorial Guinea

m. francs

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

1321

1721

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

Eritrea (6)

m. birr

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

539,2

438,7

770,5

968,1

634,2

1458,8

1334,5

. .

Ethiopia

m. birr

1272,75

1617,75

948,4

418,45

715,6

819,25

812,6

754,15

803,2

1462,15

2480,8

4836,05

5500

Gabon

francs

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

9000

. .

. .

Gambia

m. dalasis

14,5

20,65

27,3

34,9

31,15

23,3

22,2

27,55

38,5

42,6

43,1

40,1

. .

Ghana

m. cedis

4603

6106

9006

15230

18201

26600

36147

58823

72644

93148

133000

158000

219330

Guinea

m. francs

. .

. .

. .

54100

50200

42000

44800

. .

. .

48600

67700

. .

80000

Guinea-Bissau (7)

m. francs

. .

123

. .

. .

. .

. .

400

615

770

1061

1711

. .

. .

Kenya

m. shillings

4453,5

4703

5647,5

5279

5027

6131

6576,5

7668

9755,5

11429,5

12940

14065,5

16975,5

Lesotho

m. maloti

38,5225

59,325

62,505

62,3925

60,1375

62,44

81,875

95,05

106,7

135

155,7

. .

. .

Liberia(8)

m. dollars

26,5

. .

28,3

21,7

23,6

37,3

41,3

. .

. .

. .

. .

330

. .

Madagascar(9)

b. francs

46,3

48,5

56,7

63,7

68,9

72,4

84,6

115,9

200,8

267,4

287,2

316

319

Malawi

m. kwachas

51,655

62,865

66,345

66,45

90,94

113,275

149,05

225,4075

316,68

327,6275

. .

. .

. .

Mali

b. francs

14,3

14,7

14,2

. .

. .

16,8

22,185

26,916

27,102

31,304

32,218

35,971

45,3

Mauritania

m. ouguiyas

3235

3229

3239

3232

3427

3640

3640

3640

3680

3660

. .

. .

. .

Mauritius

m. rupees

63

96,5

136,5

164,3

177,85

190,2

212,9

233,8

232,85

206,4

202,9

254,7

. .

Mozambique (10)

b. meticais

58

102

136

178

259

399

762

522

704

840

1013

1251,1

1400

Namibia (11)

m. dollars

. .

. .

. .

399,75

355,25

229,25

202,25

247,5

285,75

385,5

436,25

645,5

781,25

Niger

m. francs

5300

5749

12315

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

Nigeria (12)

m. naira

1230

1257,2

1745

3783

3004

3500

7032

14000

15350

17920

23100

45400

34181

Rwanda (13)

m. francs

2800

3336

7963

13184

11863

12900

5700

14700

22600

23300

27340

27000

18900

Senegal (14)

m. francs

29630

30489

31300

29928

29056

33962

36725

40389

40809

41324

40300

43000

44000

Seychelles

m. rupees

65,4

73,6

79,2

87,6

105

67,1

60,1

55,2

52,4

57,3

61,7

62,45

59

Sierra Leone

m. leones

230

577

1369

4792

10081

13244

15546

18898

17119

9315

7800

19800

20002

Somalia

m. shillings

. .

4200

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

South Africa

m. rand

8615,25

9749,25

10981,75

10698,5

10724,25

10713

12351,75

11942

11143,225

11124,175

10622,25

10655,625

13007,025

Sudan (15)

m. dinars

166,2

. .

534

846

1576

3526,5

5939

8060

9520

16300

42800

62200

84100

Swaziland

m. emalangeni

18,675

21,55

35,61

40,58025

58,12375

73,55275

85,4515

99,687

107,84175

116,575

124,55

127,375

. .

Tanzania

b. shillings

. .

. .

. .

21,2

25,8

21,3

26,65

44

52,8

61,2

69,95

86,5

. .

Togo

m. francs

12834

13354

13817

12950

13000

14200

14100

15400

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

Uganda

m./b. shillings

13031

26655

39625

48675

56903,5

72173,5

81050

87,7

116,3

133,9

181,25

203,5

184,75

Zambia (16)

b. kwachas

0,717

2,315

4,22

5,575

16,835

22

39

65,8

56,9

90,8

113,8

73,7

. .

Zimbabwe (17)

m. dollars

706,5

803

953,5

1116

1269

1439

1825,5

2214

2742

3441

3710

7200

15100

America

                       

Central America

                       

Belize

th. dollars

. .

8710,75

9537,5

9465,75

10584,25

12260,75

15798,75

16105,75

15931,75

18790

. .

. .

. .

Costa Rica (18)

m. colones

1640

1870

1973

2310

2651

3449

4424

7901

12485

14379

. .

. .

. .

El Salvador

m. colones

777

926

975

1011

975

888

829

849

843

853

908

963

. .

Guatemala

m. quetzals

358

390

533

702

833

922

1070

837

817

729

798

845

. .

Honduras

m. lempiras

150

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

385

. .

. .

. .

. .

485

. .

Mexico

m. new pesos

1876

2387

3138

4247

5430

6514

8694

10368

14636,5

18305,6

20950,2

25825,2

28334,5

Nicaragua (19)

m. gold córdobas

0,0058

0,206

32,16

211

211

224

232

235

240

245

265

302

. .

Panama (20)

m. balboas

102,9

101

74,1

80,1

86,7

94,6

98,7

96,8

101,2

118

. .

. .

. .

North America

                       

Canada (21)

m. dollars

12336

12854

13473

12830

13111

13293

13008

12457

11511

10831

11716

12360

11948

USA (21)

m. dollars

293093

304085

306170

280292

305141

297637

288059

278856

271417

276324

274278

280969

296373

South America

                       

Argentina (22)

m. pesos

1,806

53,6

877

2555

3280

3830

4021

4361

4136

4016

3962

4143

4434

Bolivia

m. bolivianos

. .

245

390

461

477

527

576

626

689

857

1128

864

. .

Brazil (23)

th./m. reais

0,618

9,755

204

644

7018

188

4108

10008

9994

13104

12743

12328

19440

Chile (24)

b. pesos

248

275

332

417

498

575

730

800

910

980

1180

1070

875

Colombia

b. pesos

282

397

520

652

882

1104

1296

1775

2500

3376

3109

3785

3881

Ecuador

b. sucres

61,3

102

156

273

532

841

982

893

1260

. .

. .

. .

. .

Guyana

m. dollars

83,857

124,472

141,898

227,13

453,176

562,241

758,597

808,139

780,252

. .

. .

. .

. .

Paraguay

m./b. guaranies

32600

57340

79883

136,584

153,862

166,629

202

240

266

275,38

284,438

257,667

279,573

Peru (19)

m. new soles

0,084

2,046

130

480

1001

1390

1778

1878

2000

. .

. .

. .

. .

Uruguay

m. pesos

58

114

233

363

813

974

2083

1816

2228

2638

2847

. .

. .

Venezuela

m. bolivares

17585

32404

45379

45269

54994

94995

110940

196841

240576

473388

685000

859000

. .

Asia and Oceania

                       

Central Asia

                       

Kazakhstan (25)

b. tenge

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

0,3

3,8

10,83

16,272

17,86

18,962

17,192

18,8

Kyrgyzstan (25)

m. soms

. .

. .

. .

. .

5,487

38,8

105,4

250,6

314,1

481,8

491,1

844,3

1016

Tajikistan (25)

m. roubles

. .

. .

. .

. .

2,56

243,38

347,4

713

3977

10713

13562

17070

. .

Turkmenistan (26)

b. manats

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

1,528

15,053

158,271

440,158

435,8

582

850

Uzbekistan (25)

m. soms

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

991

3355

6900

13700

. .

34860

. .

East Asia

                       

Brunei (27)

m. dollars

359

363

439

444

430

398

420

425

474

555

614

500

. .

Cambodia

b. riels

2,8

5,5

14,2

35,5

90

165

302

301,7

298

304,7

298

309

300

China, P. R. (28)

b. yuan

. .

43,9

49,3

53,7

69,2

73,1

87,2

104,5

124

138,7

157

172

189

Indonesia

b. rupiahs

2091,25

2281,25

2719,25

3026,25

3503,75

3688,75

4424

5096

5980,25

6876,5

8968,75

11398,5

13900

Japan

b. yen

. .

3864,925

4099,425

4329,325

4510,35

4618,4

4672,775

4713,575

4814,65

4917,3

4940,35

4934

4935

Korea, North (29)

b. won

3,863

4,06

4,314

4,466

4,582

4,692

4,817

. .

. .

. .

. .

2,92

2,96

Korea, South

b. won

5520,2

6014,8

6637,8

7476,4

8410

9215,4

10075,3

11074,4

12243,4

13101,6

13594,1

13749

14439

Laos

b. kip

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

49,2

53,5

. .

. .

. .

Malaysia

m. ringgits

2241

2761

3043

4323

4500

4951

5565

6121

6091

5877

4545

6928

6042

Mongolia

m. tugriks

900

850

592

888

1184

4147

7017

9547

11850

14830

16749

18416

22500

Myanmar

b. kyats

1,63225

3,689

5,15975

5,9235

8,366

12,6945

16,7415

22,28325

27,66725

29,83925

37,254

. .

. .

Philippines

m. pesos

14906

15907

14707

15898

17462

21132

24401

30510

32269

37405

38412

36520

38370

Singapore

m. dollars

2426,75

2750,75

3266

3494,5

3799

4009,5

4272,5

5205,75

5781,5

6618,25

7474,75

7544,5

7425

Taiwan

b. dollars

154,6

174,15

199,45

219,05

233,25

246,45

287,65

295,9

277,45

288,4

302,1

264,6

244,1

Thailand

m. baht

42811,75

44831,25

48845,75

55501,5

64960,5

73707,75

78300

88983

93958,5

97782,75

100327,75

85513,25

77054

Viet Nam

b. dong

792

2047

3319

4292

3730

3168

4730

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

South Asia

                       

Afghanistan

m. afghanis

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

Bangladesh

m. taka

9103,5

10562,5

11142,5

12071

14396

16105

19021

21582

22064,75

24546,25

27390

30255

32475

India

b. rupees

130,25

142,1

152,775

162,75

174,125

209,05

229,6

260,275

291,3

339,235

387,43

463,525

560,6625

Nepal (30)

m. rupees

833,5

987,8

1113,95

1320

1606,5

1800,5

1939

2063,5

2242

2470,5

2789

3245

3697,5

Pakistan

m. rupees

47284,5

50961

58121,5

69682,5

81604

89607,5

98144

112085

123549,5

131802,5

139817,5

143421

151336

Sri Lanka

m./b. rupees

4732

4073

6,736

10,317

12,876

15,413

19,415

35,186

38,117

37,062

42,496

40,071

62

Oceania

                         

Australia

m. dollars

7386

7905

8521,5

8944,5

9584

10201

10326

10471,5

10608

10760,5

11298

11404,568

11172,068

Fiji

m. dollars

35,29

43,14

45,23

47,93

45,9

49,4

49,29

48,8

51,17

48

47,7

53,9

58

New Zealand

m. dollars

1336

1340

1300

1210

1097

1050

1015

1004

1023

1159

1239

1140

1190

Papua New Guinea

m. kina

40,14

45,58

65,6

50,1

56,5

67,1

84,2

72,19

103,87

114,4

. .

91,72

85

Europe

                       

Albania

m. leks

955

965

990

. .

2368

3837

4412

4922

4401

4928

5600

7300

. .

Armenia (25)

m. dram

. .

. .

. .

. .

6,5

89,5

. .

21200

21700

30500

33300

36000

45000

Austria

m. shillings

17646

17905

18700

19400

19600

20500

21200

21500

21690

22011,7

22236,4

22873,5

22480

Azerbaijan (25)

b. manats

. .

. .

. .

. .

0,8

7,9

85,6

247,8

304,7

353,3

375,9

435,4

493,6

Belarus (25)

m. roubles

. .

. .

. .

. .

1,4

25,8

603,6

1933

2266

6079

9834

38740

75000

Belgium

m. francs

150647

152917

155205

157919

132819

129602

131955

131156

131334

131796

133007

136252

140256

Bosnia-Herzegovina (31)

m. marks

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

335

462

189

254

380

400

. .

Bulgaria

m. leva

1,752

1,605

1,615

4,434

5,748

8,113

12,92

21,84

37,337

402,992

549,067

633,641

661

Croatia (32)

m. kuna

. .

. .

. .

. .

200

3422

7149

9282

7760

7000

7500

6084

4784

Cyprus

m. pounds

76,699

81,695

127

131

191

90

99

91

141

200

205

168

. .

Czech Rep. (33)

m. korunas

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

23627

24375

25070

26817

27582

33570

37043

39200

Czechoslovakia (34)

m. korunas

29236

43784

41900

43037

48503

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

Denmark

m. kroner

15620

15963

16399

17091

17129

17390

17293

17468

17896

18521

19079

19428

19349

Estonia (35)

m. kroons

. .

. .

. .

. .

68

173,8

326,5

416,7

498,8

736,2

843,4

1083,22

1328,84

Finland

m. markkaa

7130

7580

8190

8903

9298

9225

9175

8594

9776

9246

10194

8845

9092

France

m. francs

215073

225331

231911

240936

238874

241199

246469

238432

237375

241103

236226

239488

243936

Georgia (36)

th./m. lari

. .

. .

. .

. .

3,5

200

40

55

76

95

69

68

54

German DR

m. marks

21647

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

Germany

m. marks

61638

63178

68376

65579

65536

61529

58957

58986

58671

57602

58327

59854

59617

Greece

b. drachmas

471,82

503,032

612,344

693,846

835,458

932,995

1052,76

1171,377

1343,276

1510,684

1724,621

1853,189

1981,984

Hungary

m. forints

49157

47763

52367

53999

61216

67492

67996

76937

85954

96814

132602

166685

189400

Iceland

m. kronur

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Ireland

m. pounds

254

264

355

362

376

385

412

426

457

491

507

576

602

Italy

b. lire

25539

27342

28007

30191

30813

32364

32835

31561

36170

38701

40763

43062

43002

Latvia (37)

m. lats

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

12

19

23

21

22,1

24,8

33,1

43

Lithuania (38)

m. litai

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

85,4

79,3

115,3

169

302

537

426

629

Luxembourg

m. francs

3163

2995

3233

3681

3963

3740

4214

4194

4380

4797

5197

5330

5468

Macedonia (39)

m. denars

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

5223

4191

4340

4785

4652

Malta

th. liri

7406

7426

6722

7029

8513

9419

10533

10996

12002

12020

11297

11164

11380

Moldova (25)

m. lei

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

9,653

36,653

60

70,7

80,5

57

63

67

Netherlands

m. guilders

13300

13571

13513

13548

13900

13103

12990

12864

13199

13345

13561

14534

14192

Norway

m. kroner

18865

20248

21251

21313

23638

22528

24019

22224

22813

23010

25087

25809

25675

Poland

m. zlotys

74

215

1495

1830

2624

3980

5117

6595

8313

10075

11687

12467

13679

Portugal

m. escudos

194036

229344

267299

305643

341904

352504

360811

403478

401165

418772

420654

452843

475178

Romania

b. lei

28

29

30

80

196

420

1170

1538

1957

5370

7342

8547

11678,6

Russia (40)

m. roubles

138,3

133,7

123,4

. .

1049

9037

35890

63220

82485

105034

85574

171100

280700

Slovak Rep. (41)

m. korunas

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

8211

9614

13588

13412

13901

14009

13532

15048

Slovenia (42)

m. tolars

. .

. .

. .

. .

24290

27690

32540

42110

47420

49397

50166

50013

59543

Spain (43)

b. pesetas

835,353

923,375

922,808

947,173

927,852

1054,902

994,689

1078,751

1091,432

1123,046

1124,054

1180,075

1266,429

Sweden

m. kronor

28502

31463

34998,5

35552

35769

36992

37182

33194,1667

28847,3333

38825

40034

41980

43759

Switzerland

m. francs

4932

5187

5797

5936

6014

5524

5723

5011

4782

4634

4532

4416

4359

UK (21)

m. pounds

19290

20868

22287

24380

22850

22686

22490

21439

22330

21612

22477

22548

22823

Ukraine(44)

m. hryvnias

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

7,95

337,3

1665

2833

3428

3712

3908

5600

Yugoslavia (45)

m. dinars

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

Yugoslavia (former)

m. new dinars

. .

6113

5180

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

Middle East

                       

Bahrain

m. dinars

70

74

81

89

95

94

96,3

102,5

108,5

109

111,2

. .

. .

Egypt

m. pounds

3428,5

3352

3854,5

4645,5

5264,5

5722,5

6141,5

6682

7163,5

7556,5

8025,5

8755,5

. .

Iran

b. rials

702,5

811,25

1010,5

1235

1481,5

2255,25

4022,75

4457,25

6499

8539,5

10049,75

11342

15618

Iraq

m. dinars

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

Israel

m. new shekels

9120,75

10565,5

12939,75

14775,5

16919

17539

19836

22216

26489

29257

32258

33786

36082

Jordan

m. dinars

297

291

295

313

316

347

403

448

428,8

458

502,3

529,4

563

Kuwait

m. dinars

475,5

610

2585

3636,5

1791,5

870,5

970

1099,5

970,5

744,5

705,5

750

903,333333

Lebanon

b. pounds

10,573

. .

97,874

139,979

498,541

518,482

703,981

795,168

759,944

686,2

691,5

864

871

Oman

m. riyals

589

601

742

643

778

738

779

776

737

698

620

610

. .

Saudi Arabia

m. riyals

52153

48946

50000

100000

54000

61636

53549

49501

50025

66000

78000

69000

70000

Syria

m. pounds

14612

16654

18429

32483

33412

29948

37270

40500

40746

42842

44850

44850

48300

Turkey

tr. liras

3,789

7,158

13,866

23,657

42,32

77,717

157

302,864

611,521

1183,327

2289,43

4167,636

6998,96

UAE (46)

m. dirhams

5827

5827

5827

5827

5827

5827

5827

6027

6027

6027

6027

6027

6027

Yemen

m. rials

 

10382

13227

16812

19752

30273

35897

44964

55104

53824

58311

65043

Yemen, North

m. rials

5533

6030

                     

Yemen, South

m. dinars

. .

. .

                     

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NOTE!!! This is the footnotes for the SIPRI Yearbook 2001 and do not directly apply to the figures for 1988, 1989 and 1990.

Conventions:

( ) Uncertain figure.

[ ] SIPRI estimate.

 | Change of multiple.

Notes:

1 Contributions of military expenditure data, estimates and advice are gratefully acknowledged from Julian Cooper (Centre for Russian and East European Studies, University of Birmingham), Dimitar Dimitrov (University of National and World Economy, Sofia), Paul Dunne (Middlesex University, London), Jean-Paul Hébert (Centre Interdisciplinaire de Recherches sur la Paix et d’Etudes Stratégiques, CIRPES, Paris), Ivan Hostnik (Centre for Strategic Studies, Slovenia), Guy Lamb (Centre for Conflict Resolution, Cape Town), Reuven Pedatzur (Tel Aviv University), Leonid Polyakov (Ukraine Centre for Economic & Political Studies, Kiev), Thomas Scheetz (Buenos Aires), Ron Smith (Birkbeck College, London), Shaoguang Wang (Chinese University of Hong Kong) and Ozren Zunec (University of Zagreb).

2 Military expenditure data from different volumes of the SIPRI Yearbook should not be combined because of data revision between volumes. Revision can be significant; e.g., when a better time series becomes available, the entire SIPRI series is revised accordingly.

3 Figures in constant dollars are converted using the market exchange rate for all countries except Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, North Korea, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. For these countries conversion to dollars has been done using the purchasing power parity (PPP) rates from World Development Indicators 2000 (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development: Washington, DC, Mar. 2000).

4 The figure for Angola should be seen in the context of highly uncertain economic statistics because of the impact of war on the Angolan economy.

5 Formerly Zaire.

6 Eritrea became independent from Ethiopia in May 1993. Figures for 1995 include expenditure for demobilization.

7 Figures in local currency are in Communauté financière africaine (CFA) francs. Up to and including the SIPRI Yearbook 1998, data were expressed in pesos. The peso was replaced in 1997 at the rate of 65 pesos per CFA franc.

8 The figure for Liberian military expenditure in 1999 is for security, which represents 13% of total expenditure of L$2.6 billion.

9 Figures include expenditure for the gendarmerie and the National Police.

10 Figures include expenditure for the demobilization of government and RENAMO soldiers and the formation of a new unified army from 1994 onwards.

11 Namibia became independent on 21 Mar. 1990. During the period 1990/91–1992/93 military construction accounted for more than half of Namibian military expenditure. Figures for 1999 refer to the budget of the Ministry of Defence only. In addition to this the 1999 budget of the Ministry of Finance includes a contingency provision of 104 million ND for the Namibian military presence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

12 Figures for Nigeria before 1999 are understated because of the use by the military of a favourable specific dollar exchange rate.

13 Figures for Rwanda in 1997 do not include demobilization allowance of 1.0 billion francs. The figure for 1998 is the official defence budget. According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) there are additional sources of funding for military activities, both within budget and extra-budgetary. Alternative estimates put Rwanda’s military expenditure at twice the official figure.

14 Figures for Senegal do not include expenditure for paramilitary forces, which in 1998 amounted to 21 100 million francs.

15 Sudan changed its currency from pounds to dinars on 1 Sep. 1999, at the rate of one dinar to 10 pounds.

16 Figures for Zambia are uncertain, especially in constant dollars and GDP shares, because of very rapid inflation and several changes in the currency.

17 The figure for Zimbabwe in 1999 includes a supplementary allocation of 1800 million ZD.

18 Figures are official figures from the Costa Rican Ministry for Internal Security.

19 This state has changed currency during the period. All figures have been converted to the most recent currency.

20 The Panamanian defence forces were disbanded in 1990 and replaced by the national guard, consisting of the national police and the air and maritime services.

21 Figures are for fiscal year rather than for calendar year.

22 Figures are uncertain because of very rapid inflation and a change in the currency. All figures have been converted to the most recent currency.

23 The figure for Brazil in 2000 is for the adopted budget and is likely to be significantly revised downwards, since actual defence expenditure is usually much lower than budgeted.

24 Figures for Chile are based on estimates by the IMF of military expenditures which include military pensions and direct transfers from the Corporación del Cobre (CODELCO) for military purchases.

25 Became independent after the breakup of the Soviet Union in Dec. 1991. Figures are converted to dollars using the PPP.

26 Turkmenistan became independent after the breakup of the Soviet Union in Dec. 1991. Figures are converted to dollars using the PPP. The coverage of this series is not consistent over time due to classification changes in the Turkmenistan system of public accounts.

27 Figures for Brunei are current expenditure on the Royal Brunei Armed Forces.

28 Figures for China are for estimated total military expenditures. On the estimates in local currency and share of GDP, see Wang, S., ‘The military expenditure of China, 1989–98’, SIPRI Yearbook 1999: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security (Oxford University Press: Oxford, 1999), pp. 334–49. Dollar figures are converted using the market exchange rate.

29 Figures for North Korea are converted to dollars using the PPP. Figures in the table for constant dollars are in current prices and 1998 exchange rate.

30 Figures for Nepal do not include expenditures on paramilitary forces, which in fiscal year 1998/99 amounted to 3315 million taka.

31 Bosnia and Herzegovina declared its independence from the former Yugoslavia in Mar. 1992 and was recognized by the European Community and the USA in Apr. 1992. The local currency since Jan. 1998 is the convertible mark, set at 1 convertible mark = 1 Deutsche Mark. Figures in US$ are at 1998 prices and exchange rates.

32 Croatia declared its independence from the former Yugoslavia in June 1991 and was recognized by the European Community in Jan. 1992 and by the United Nations in May 1992.

33 The Czech Republic was formed on 1 Jan. 1993 after the breakup of Czechoslovakia.

34 Czechoslovakia was divided into the Czech Republic and the Republic of Slovakia on 1 Jan. 1993. Figures in the table for constant dollars are in current prices and 1990 exchange rate.

35 Estonia became independent in Sep. 1991. Figures do not include expenditures for paramilitary forces.

36 Georgia became independent after the breakup of the Soviet Union in Dec. 1991. Figures are converted to dollars using the PPP. Figures probably do not include the significant amounts of military aid received from Turkey.

37 Latvia became independent in Sep. 1991. Figures do not include: (a) allocations for military pensions paid by Russia, which averaged 27 million lats per year over the three years 1996–98; or (b) expenditure on paramilitary forces, which amounted to 98.5 million lats in 1999.

38 Lithuania became independent in Sep. 1991.

39 Macedonia declared its independence from the former Yugoslavia in Nov. 1992 and was admitted to the United Nations in Apr. 1993.

40 For sources and methods of the military expenditure figures for the USSR and Russia, see Cooper, J., ‘The military expenditure of the USSR and the Russian Federation, 1987–97’, SIPRI Yearbook 1998: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security (Oxford University Press: Oxford, 1998),
pp. 243–59. Dollar figures are converted using the PPP.

41 The Slovak Republic was formed on 1 Jan. 1993 after the breakup of Czechoslovakia. Figures do not include expenditure on paramilitary forces. These amounted to 400 million korunas in 1998 and 458 million in 1999.

42 Slovenia declared its independence from the former Yugoslavia in June 1991 and was recognized by the European Community in Jan. 1992 and by the United Nations in May 1992. Figures have been revised according to the NATO definition, as provided to SIPRI by Slovenia for the years 1997–99.

43 Figures for Spain do not include a major part of government military research and development expenditure financed by the Ministry of Industry. Approximately 111.7 billion pesetas in 1998, 163.1 billion pesetas in 1999 and 159.4 billion pesetas in 2000.

44 Ukraine became independent after the breakup of the Soviet Union in Dec. 1991. Figures are converted to dollars using the PPP. Figures are for the adopted budget and include ‘national defence’ and some other defence items. Actual expenditure is reportedly 95–99% of budget for the years 1996–99 and about 80–90% of budget for 1994–95.

45 Serbia and Montenegro announced the creation of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in Apr. 1992. Figures do not include revenues from the special defence tax introduced in 1998.

46 Figures for the UAE exclude local military expenditure by each of the 7 emirates that form the United Arab Emirates.

Source: SIPRI military expenditure database.

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